Prepare for Floods
Preparing Canadian residents, businesses and communities for floods
Flood preparedness is a major part of adapting to a changing climate. Community members, business owners, communities, and Canada at large need to prepare for extreme weather and our changing climate.
Understanding floods is important step in preparing for them. Flood events lead to water where it shouldn’t be, and can be the result of one or a combination of the following sources:
1. Fluvial (riverine) flooding – heavy and intense rainfall (often combined with ice jams and extreme snow meltg) leads to overflow of water bodies as water travels from upstream and across the landscape. This can occur over several hours or days, or can be immediate and unpredictable (flash flooding).
2. Pluvial flooding – heavy and intense rainfall that occurs away from a waterbody. This is common in flatter areas away from waterbodies as heavy rain ponds on saturated land, and in urban areas where there is insufficient drainage as we use land for parking lots and buildings. Urban flooding is made worse when water and sewer systems are overwhelmed and water has nowhere to go and ends up in basements.
3. Coastal flooding or storm surge – severe coastal weather events can cause heavy rains and changes in atmospheric pressure, pushing seawater onto the coastline, flooding large areas. Flooding can even been seen further inland as seawater is pushed into freshwater outlets, overflowing their banks.
We are working to provide a database complete with flood-related resources. If you would like to add a resource to this section of our site please click here.
*Please note that FloodSmartCanada and Partners for Action are providing information to users but do not endorse any of the services or products identified below.
Flood/Emergency Preparedness Guides
- Elders and Emergencies – Canadian Red Cross
- Emergency Preparedness Guide for Muskego Cree Families – Canadian Red Cross
- Emergency Preparedness Guide for People with Disabilities/Special Needs – Government of Canada
- Flood Ready – Government of Canada
- For First Nations, Métis and Inuit Communities – Canadian Red Cross
- Get Prepared: Floods – Government of Canada
- Getting Ready: A Guide to Emergency Preparation – IBC
- Handbook for reducing basement flooding (June 2009) – ICLR
- Kids’ Activity Booklet for James Bay First Nation Communities – Canadian Red Cross
- Pocket Guide to Emergencies – Government of Canada
- Quiz: Are you Flood Ready? – Government of Canada
- Your Emergency Preparedness Guide – Government of Canada
- Emergency Preparedness Week Toolkit – Government of Canada
- Get a Kit – Canadian Red Cross
- Get an emergency kit! – Government of Canada
- “Grab and Go” Bag Checklist for: Elders in Remote Northern First Nations Communities – Canadian Red Cross
Emergency Notifications and Alerts
- Alert Ready: Emergency Alert System
- The Weather Network
- The Weather Network App
- Twitter: @Get_Prepared
Recovery Information and Services
- After the Flood: A Homeowner’s Checklist – Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
- Backwater Valve Installation Protocol – ICLR
- Belfor Property Restoration Canada
- Focus on Backwater valves – ICLR
- Focus on Sump pump systems – ICLR
- Flooded? Here’s What You Need to Know – IBC
- Guide to Flood Recovery – Canadian Red Cross
- On Side Restoration
- Paul Davis Restoration
Resources by Province and Territory:
*Please note that FloodSmartCanada and Partners for Action do not take responsibility for the verification of the services and information identified below.